Gum Diseases: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Gum Diseases: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Gum diseases, also known as periodontal diseases, are common oral health conditions that affect the tissues surrounding the teeth. They can range from mild gingivitis to severe periodontitis, and if left untreated, they can lead to tooth loss and impact overall health. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options from the dentist in Abu Dhabi for gum diseases.

Causes of gum diseases:

Poor oral hygiene:

The most common cause of gum disease is inadequate oral hygiene. Failure to brush and floss regularly allows plaque to accumulate on teeth, leading to gum inflammation.

Smoking and tobacco use:

Smoking or using tobacco products increases the risk of gum diseases. It weakens the immune system and reduces blood flow to the gums, making it harder for the body to fight off infections.


Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to gum diseases. A family history of periodontal problems can increase the likelihood of developing them.

Symptoms of gum disease:

Bleeding gums:

One of the first signs of gum disease is bleeding when brushing or flossing. Healthy gums should not bleed.

Redness and swelling:

Infected gums become red, and swollen, and may feel tender or painful.

Bad breath: Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth can be indicative of gum disease.

Receding gums:

As gum diseases progress, the gums may recede, exposing more of the tooth’s root and leading to tooth sensitivity.

Loose teeth:

Advanced gum diseases can cause teeth to become loose or shift in position.

Pockets between teeth and gums: Measuring the depth of pockets between teeth and gums during a dental examination can indicate the severity of gum disease.

Treatment options:

Professional cleanings:

For mild cases of gum disease (gingivitis), a thorough professional cleaning, along with improved oral hygiene practices may be sufficient to reverse the condition.

Scaling and root planing:

In cases of moderate gum disease, a deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing is performed to remove plaque and tartar buildup from below the gumline and smooth the root surfaces.


Antibiotics, both topical and oral, may be prescribed to control infection and inflammation.

Surgical procedures:

For severe gum diseases (periodontitis), surgical procedures like gum flap surgery, bone grafts, and tissue regeneration may be necessary to repair damaged tissues and support tooth stability.

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